FEB UI – IDRC Canada – Tufts University USA – RTA Vietnam

Project Name :

“Empowering Women through Humane Workplaces”

Goal :

This research is to identify the working conditions that are most important

for the improvement of the lives of female garment factory workers in the ASEAN region

Primary Objective :

  1. To examine how improvements in working conditions affect the lives of workers, especially women, their families and communities
  2. To identify the channels through which Better Work enacts change
  3. To identify the channels through which Better Work enacts change
  4. To disseminate findings to stakeholders, including the scholarly community, through working papers, policy briefs, scholarly worker, and public events

Expected Outcomes

  1. The project main outputs will measure the impact of humane working conditions directly on wages, hours, occupational safety and health, power mindset, gender stereotypes and perceptions of gender norms.
  2. The analysis will then turn to indirect effects. Wages and hours impact well-being indicators such as child education and health. Power mindset, gender stereotypes and gender norms will affect a female employees interactions with other family members, advocating on her own behalf and work trajectory

Dissemination Program:

Webinar “Kualitas Hidup dan Kondisi Kerja Pekerja Indonesia dan Vietnam: Realitas dan Harapan”

Tuesday, August, 25th 2020

Youtube Link :

Press Release :

Advancing the Garment Industry through
Efforts in Improving Working Conditions and Quality of Life of Workers

The garment industry is one of the largest industries in the world that produces a variety of products for society and continues to grow with the increasingly diverse consumer demands in global fashion trends. This industry plays a very dominant role in the economies of many countries, including the ASEAN region. In 2019 Vietnam and Indonesia were among the top ten exporters of clothing globally level. Garment exports of the two countries was recorded at a total of 48.8 billion USD in 2019.

This study involved a close collaboration of an international research team from the Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Indonesia (FEB UI), Tufts University Labor Lab and Real Time Analytics Vietnam (RTA) which conducted a study on “Empowering Workers through a Humane Workplace” which is a project funded by International Development Research Center (IDRC) Canada. The study, conducted over a three-year period (2017-2020) centered in Indonesia and Vietnam, was designed to measure the long-term impact of employment in the garment industry on worker empowerment, human development, and work outcomes. This study involved more than 7000 garment workers in Indonesia and Vietnam. This study also aims to identify the factors in work that are most important for the improvement of the lives of garment factory workers, especially in the ASEAN region, and produce recommendations for advancing the garment industry.

Research Team Universitas Indonesia : Aryana Satrya, Sari Wahyuni, Permata Wulandari, Muthia Pramesti, Fahrina Yuliani, Uliyatun Nikmah


Contact for data and publication request : international.feb@ui.ac.id


  1. During these 3 years from 2017 – 2020, There is a total of more than 30 research manuscripts that have been written based on this research. The manuscripts have been written using primary data, both quantitative and qualitative dat
  2. The results also indicate some findings related to garment workers, gender inequality in garment factories, differences between BWI and non-BWI factories, and also the comparison between Indonesia garment workers and Vietnamese garment workers


Data Request Form

Research Team :

FEB UI, Indonesia

Sari Wahyuni, Ph.D / FEB UI

FEB UI, Indonesia

Aryana Setya, Ph.D / FEB UI

Tufts Univ. USA

Prof Drusila Brown / Tufts Univ. USA

RT Analytic, Vietnam

Le Dung Trung, Ph.D / RT A VN

FEB UI, Indonesia

Permata Wulandari, Ph.D / FEB UI

FEB UI, Indonesia

Muthia Pramesti, MM / FEB UI

FEB UI, Indonesia

Ullyatun Nikmah, SE / FEB UI

FEB UI, Indonesia

Fahrina, SE / FEB UI

Tufts University, USA, Indonesia

Ana Antolin / Tufts Univ

Result and Publication :


1. Can Supervisor Support Influence Job Insecurity, Psychological Wellbeing, and Job Satisfaction (An Empirical Study of the Indonesian Textile Industry)

Researcher : Sari Wahyuni, Widya Nandini, Candra Marudut


2. Comparison of Indonesian and Vietnam Workers on Life Satisfaction and Turnover Intention

Researcher : Sari Wahyuni, Muthia Pramesti, Aulia Safira


3. Do Incentives and Load of Work Have Impact to Job Search In Indonesia and Vietnam Garment Workers?

Researcher : Aryana Satrya, Permata Wulandari, Fahrina Yuliani


4. Do Working Condition and Resilience Have an Impact Towards Promotion and Life Satisfaction Through Empowerment as Mediation?

Researcher : Permata Wulandari, Uliyatun Nikmah, Fahrina Yuliani


5. Does Any Differences of Organizational Context Dimensions between Garment Factories that Joining and Not Joining Better Work Indonesia Program?

Researcher : Permata Wulandari, Fahrina Yuliani, Uliyatun Nikmah


6. Does Employee Development Impact Turnover Intention among Garment Workers?

Researcher : Sinta Ayu Kurniawati, Sari Wahyuni


7. Does Growth Mindset and Empowerment Have an Impact on Life Satisfaction and Turnover Intention? Empirical Study of Workers in Indonesia

Researcher : Aulia Safira, Sari Wahyuni


8. The Effect of Empowerment, Work-Family Conflict, and Emotional Exhaustion on Turnover Intention (Case Study- Garment Workers in Indonesia)

Researcher : Bunga Citra Y. M,., Arviansyah, Permata Wulandari, Muthia Pramesti, Tansy Andrainie C.


9. The Effect of Financial Welfare Factors Towards Job Search: Case Study of Garment Workers in Indonesia and Vietnam

Researcher : Tansy Andrainie Chandra, Permata Wulandari


10. The Effects of Social Support and Distributive Justice Towards Withdrawal Cognitions through Emotional Exhaustion- Empirical Study of Female Garment Workers in Indonesia

Researcher : Fadhilatul Ulfah, Muthia Pramesti, Permata Wulandari, Siti Hanifah


11. The Effects of Verbal Abuse and Abusive Supervision toward Turnover Intention through Emotional Exhaustion: Empirical Study of Garment Workers in Indonesia

Researcher : Siti Hanifah, Muthia Pramesti, Sari Wahyuni


12. Gender Analysis and The Importance of Psychological Wellbeing on Textile Labors in Indonesia

Researcher : Widya Nandini, Sari Wahyuni


13. How Can We Increase Garment Competitiveness? A Critical Outlook on Employee Welfare

Researcher : Dian Rahmasari, Sari Wahyuni


14. Human Resource Management Strategy In The Garment Industry: Improving Business by Ensuring Employees Welfare

Researcher : Sari Wahyuni, Dian Rahmasari


15. The Impact of Empowerment, Working and Work-Family Conflict on Emotional Exhaustion and Turnover Intention Among Garment Workers in Indonesia

Researcher : Sari Wahyuni, Debryana Y. Salean


16. Important Variables That Influence Life Satisfaction Of Workers: Empirical Evidence In Indonesia And Vietnam

Researcher : Sari Wahyuni, Permata Wulandari, Fahrina Yuliani, Le Dang Trung


17. The Influence of Employee Voice and Employee Resilience to Turnover Intention through Emotional Exhaustion as Mediator on Industrial Garment Workers in Indonesia

Researcher : Afifah Thohiroh, Aryana Satrya


18. The Influence of Empowerment and Workload on Turnover Intention through the Mediation of Emotional Exhaustion on Indonesian Garment Workers

Researcher : Novahana N. Pradita, Aryana Satrya


19. Influence of Supervisor Behavior on Empowerment, Work Life Balance, and Emotional Exhaustion Which Could Impact Turnover Intention

Researcher : Imas Trisna Handayani, Yasmine Nasution


20. The Influence of Work-Family Conflict, Perceived Organizational Support, and Emotional Exhaustion on Turnover Intentions

Researcher : Monica Natalin, Aryana Satrya


21. Life Satisfaction of Garment Workers: An Interaction of Workload, Empowerment, and Work Conflict

Researcher : Ryan Saputra Alam, Aryana Satrya


22. The Mediating Effect of Psychological Empowerment on the Relationship Between Employee Training and Life Satisfaction in Garment Factories in Indonesia

Researcher : Nimas Alief Alfianita, Aryana Satrya


23. Organizational Context of Working Condition on Garment Workers in Indonesia- A Comparative Study between BWI Factories and Non BWI Workers

Researcher : Permata Wulandari, Fahrina Yuliani. Uliyatun Nikmah


24. Revealing the Impacts of Growth Mindset and Employee Development on Turnover Intention

Researcher : Sari Wahyuni, Sinta Ayu Kurniawati, Aulia Shafira


25. The Role of Working Conditions and Social Support on Work-Family Conflict: A Qualitative Study on Garment Industry

Researcher : Luthfianti Zakia, Aryana Satrya


26. Understanding Gender Inequality Towards The Firm- The Case of Garment Factories in Vietnam 2012-2014

Researcher : Annisa H. Imron, Muthia Pramesti, Sari Wahyuni


27. Understanding Work-Family Conflict Among Garment Workers in Indonesia: Looking at Gender and Marital Status

Researcher : Luthfianti Zakia, Aryana Satrya


28. What Are the Factors that Impact Male and Female Workers to Change Their Job in Indonesia’s Garment Industry?

Researcher : Permata Wulandari, Uliyatun Nikmah, Fahrina Yuliani, Chika Athaya


29. Why is Gender Inequality Still Appearing in Garment Factories, in Indonesia?

Researcher : Annisa Halimah Imron, Muthia Pramesti, Sari Wahyuni


30. Workers In The Garment Industry: Revealing The ‘Black Box’ Between Working Conditions And Turnover Intention

Researcher : Monica Devina


31. Working Conditions and Quality of Life for Female Workers in Garment Factories in Indonesia

Researcher : Aryana Satrya, Permata Wulandari, Muthia Pramesti, Sari Wahyuni, M.Zuhdi


32. Working Condition and Retention in Garment Industry: Evidence from Indonesia

Researcher : Uliyatun Nikmah


33. Working Conditions and Turnover Intention of Indonesia’s Garment Workers: Comparison Between BWI and non-BWI Companies

Researcher : Chika Athaya Chairunnisa, Permata Wulandari