LD FEB UI Seminar: Does Ethnicity Affect Migration Career?

LD FEB UI Seminar: Does Ethnicity Affect Migration Career?

Hana Fajria ~ PR of FEB UI

DEPOK – The Demographic Institute FEB UI held a seminar “Does Ethnicity Affect the Migration Career? The Case of Indonesia” online, on Monday (26/10/2020). This seminar discussed the extent of the influence of ethnicity on migration careers, with lecturers and researchers of the Demographic Institute of FEB UI, Elda Luciana Pardede and Dr. V.A (Viktor) Venhorst, supervisor in the Department of Geographical Economics at the University of Groningen, elaborated their research.

Viewed from Indonesia’s geographical background and colonial history, and considering whether ethnicity or personal (socio-economic) characteristics drive career migration, this study measures the likelihood of migration as well as the number of movements of Indonesians from some of the largest ethnic groups during their lifetime.

Researchers used five series of Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) data, with logistic regression methods and Truncated Negative Binomial regression models, to analyze the effects of ethnicity, individual and socio-economic characteristics on the tendency to migrate and the number of movements over the lifespan of migrants.

The conclusion is generated using 2 methods, the logistic regression showed that the Minangkabau, Betawi, Madurese, Balinese, Bugis, Makassar and Sasak, Bima and Dompu people were less likely to migrate than the Javanese. Using only migrants and controlling characteristics, the Truncated Negative Binomial regression confirms that, compared to the Javanese, the Minangkabau and the Banjar people have a higher estimated number of migrations, while the figures are lower for the Betawi and Balinese.

The results of the analysis show that tribes that are often considered to have a high tendency to migrate, do not always have a higher chance of having migrated throughout their life, than other tribes. This study also found that those with higher socio-economic status tended to have higher mobility (to move to other places). Thus, several ethnic groups that are considered highly mobile in Indonesia – Minangkabau, Batak and Bugis – have a higher likelihood of migrating or migrate more frequently. (Hjtp)

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